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February 28, 2024

1.5bn people live with hearing loss – WHO

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By Franca Ofili

The World Health Organisation says an estimated 1.5 billion people globally live with hearing loss.

The WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, made this known in her message to mark the 2023 World Hearing Day with theme: “Ear and hearing care for all! Let’s make it a reality”.

She also said that the number could rise to over 2.5 billion by 2030.

The News Agency of Nugeria (NAN) reports that the World Hearing Day is held on March  3 each year to raise awareness on how to prevent deafness and hearing loss as well as promote ear and hearing care across the world.

Moeti said that the burden of ear and hearing problems reflects significant inequalities disproportionately impacting on the marginalised populations across the globe.

She said in Africa, an estimated 135 million people are battling with ear and hearing problems as medical conditions, saying the number has been on the increase.

Moeti said that at the current rate, it was likely that by the year 2050  about  338 million people would be affected by visual  and hearing problems in Africa.

The WHO official said the day was an opportunity to raise awareness on the  preventive measures as well as  promote ear and hearing care worldwide.

She explained that It was a favourable day to reiterate the message on preventing and addressing common ear and hearing problems as nearly 30 billion dollars were being lost due to the collective failure to address the problem in the African Region.

According to her, more than 60 per cent of the common ear diseases and hearing loss can be detected and often managed at the primary level of medical  care.

“We acknowledge recent efforts made by the relevant bodies  towards  addressing  hearing and visual problems”

“The ongoing support to Kenya to establish a Center of Excellence for Eye Health Clinic, Eye Health and Oral Health is a welcome step.

”Also, with our support, countries are developing and implementing national strategies for ear health,” she said.

According to her, in 2022, Kenya, Malawi, and Guinea launched and started to implement national ear and hearing care strategies.

She said that there was also a regional analysis on ear and hearing care, including country profiles for all Member States.

Moeti said that two modules on ear and hearing care management for primary health care workers were developed, adding that it would be integrated into the WHO PEN packages.

“Here are the most burning issues affecting patients: Many people with hearing loss do not know how and where to find help or do not have access to the needed services.

“This greatly impacts on the lives of those affected, their families, and their communities.

“Also, the excessive burden of these conditions is also due to the limited number of ear, nose and throat specialists and audiologists available in the countries

“In most places, access to ear and hearing care continues to be limited to highly specialised centers and clinics.

“Integrating ear and hearing care into primary care services is possible through training and capacity building to address the challenges”.

She said  WHO had recently launched a primary ear and hearing care training manual intended to inform doctors, nurses, and other health workers to achieve universal coverage.

She called on  governments to prioritise ear and hearing care health programmes as part of their universal healthcare agenda and increase political and financial commitment.

She further advocated for increase newborn hearing screening services, stressing that effective accessibility of hearing aid technology, are critical starting points.

Moeti urged hearing and the visually impaired individuals suffering to learn more about their conditions and seek care when needed, including attending hearing screening services.

According to Moeti, the World Report on Hearing has been developed in response to the World Health Assembly resolution, adopted in 2017 as a means of providing guidance for Member States to integrate ear and hearing care into their national health plans. (NAN) (www.nannews.ng)

Edited by Auwalu Birnin Kudu/Sadiya Hamza

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